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Rural Waste Management:Thumburmuzhy Model creates National attention

Rural Waste Management:Thumburmuzhy Model creates National attention farms@kvasu.ac.in
“Thumburmuzhy Model” aerobic composting technique(TMACT) developed by Dr Francis Xavier,Professor at Thumburmuzhy Cattle breeding Farm of Kerala Veterinary &Animal Sciences University , is a rural, cost effective and eco friendly “Waste Management System” imbibed into the Kerala Agro eco-zone. This Rural technology is a recommended model by the UNDP Climate change community compendium *(2011) , among the four ideal rural technology for farmers of India. This method of composting, which emits very little methane and carbon dioxide, has been adopted by a number of apartment complexes and rural communities in Kerala. The aerobic composting Technology ,the ideal fero-cement Bin and the microbial Consortium developed from cow dung, are the major research achievements .Research in Veterinary University has modified aerobic compost unit with a different layering system to handle rural organic waste, farm waste and dead animal parts which are otherwise wasted and pollutes rivers Roads highways and water bodies. We have designed a cost effective, rural system for livestock farms and rural Kerala. The composting unit which is becoming the darling of decentralised waste management includes a box-like structure with ferro-cement floor, layers of cow dung, carbon source and waste materials are subjected to composting in presence of oxygen. The temperature rises rapidly in the waste to almost 70 degree Celsius and this peak temperature kills pathogens so is a boon to rural health and community health. Waste management is a big problem in most of the farms of the state and hence the waste can be effectively converted into valuable manure by TMACT. The NPK value of “Thumburmuzhy model compost” using home waste is N.1.57%, P-0.049%, K-0.73%. Thumburmuzhy compost model; since it is cost effective can be replicated in rural areas to handle organic waste under Kerala agro climatic conditions. In 90 days time the first crop of manure gets ready. Moreover, livestock/food waste is a rich source of Nitrogen. Research in other places showed that TBC and coliforn count in aerobic compost is minimal. Hence, under public health angle this has to be encouraged. This ideal Rural waste handling technology is  not labour intensive.

Recent National news on TMACT and UNDP picture appended:

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Dr Francis Xavier,Professor KVASU,Mannuthy P.O 680651.Kerala.India.Mob 09447131598

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